Georgia, Tbilisi, fortress of the XVII century
A contemporary of Tbilisi, Narikala fortress, the townspeople affectionately call the “soul of the city”. It is located on mount Mtatsminda and is essentially fragments of fortifications of different epochs.
Myths and facts
According to the Chronicles, a powerful fortress founded in the IV century. Then it was called Surich-tsikhe (“Fortress of envy”). During the Mongol invasion of the XIII century in the citadel “managed” by the Mongols, who named her in his own way – the Naryn-Kala (“Small fortress”).
In VIII-XII centuries the consolidation grew and expanded together with the city: thanks to its fortified walls stretching up to the river Kur, the hosts controlled the water trade route. The builders cared about the good water: there were various aqueducts and channels, as well as the secret exits to the river. It is believed that the water Narikala – the oldest in Georgia.
At all times, an impregnable fortress properly perform its defensive function. Continue reading
Centuries-old cones crowned with huge stones, as if specially put on top. The locals have given many of them romantic names. For example, a valley of stone mushrooms are referred to as the Valley of love.
Some of the stones at different times of day can change their color from sand or soft pink to bright red or brown. It all depends on the position of the sun.
Cappadocia is a unique natural phenomenon. Lifeless and deserted the area was once densely populated. The history of this land – the mysterious world shrouded in a veil of legends. Here you can find ancient cave sites where early Christians hid from Arab raids. These multi-level maze of perfectly preserved still. Continue reading
Thus, the most famous monument of ancient Greek architecture is the Parthenon temple, which has become a recognized international symbol of Greece. This ancient temple complex was erected in Athens in 437 BC in honor of Athena Parthenos the patron of this city. Construction works were supervised by famous Greek architects and Iktin Callicrate.
They built the Parthenon made of marble blocks, in the Doric style, as painters use. Its frieze is decorated with bas-relief ribbon, and pediments – a magnificent sculptural composition. In its Central room, surrounded by a majestic colonnade, formerly stood a statue of the goddess Athena made of ivory and pure gold, the famous painter and architect of Ancient Greece by Phidias. Unfortunately, the statue has not survived. Continue reading
Peterhof, Alexandria Park, the Church of Alexander Nevsky
Gothic chapel-This Church was built in 1830-34, by the famous German architect-F. Schinkel. The Church has the form of a medieval chapel. On the corners are cast-iron pyramidal tower, crowned with spires with crosses. On three sides there are two granite porches and external walls sculptures of saints, made by model V. Demut-Malinovsky. In the Lancet Windows of the Church inserted the colored glass, making it, as in all Gothic churches, semidarkness reigns. Interior painting of the Church was made by the artist A. Nave.
The Church of St. Alexander Nevsky. Interior painting of the Church
Chesme Church (1777-80) — a peculiar example of the era of Catherine the conditional imitation of Gothic. Continue reading
To the mysterious places on the planet include such a large number of points on the map that this article is definitely not enough to describe all of them. Only one in Russia, one can count more than a dozen such places. And literally every country has a similar list of natural mysteries.
The most famous mysterious places on the planet – is perhaps the pyramids of Egypt, the sculptures on Easter island, and mystical drawings on the Nazca plateau in Peru. It is the undisputed top three in voting on what the most mysterious places on the planet. Despite the fact that these attractions has been said many speeches and written countless books, still no definitive answers to questions about how, by whom and for what purpose were these created objects.
For several hundred years, there are disputes between historians, geographers, physicists and other scientists about which versions can be considered completely truthful when it comes to the construction of the Egyptian pyramids. Hypotheses, even a few decades ago seemed unshakable, break on new evidence resulting from research, and this cycle is endless. Continue reading