Cyclopean structures of antiquity
Cyclops or Ciclope (Κύκλωπες), in Greek mythology born of Uranus and Gaia, the titans, the personification of storm clouds with lightning, symbolic way, which is a single large glowing eye of giants (Cyclops, in Greek language, means Krugloye). On the relation of the Cyclops to the atmospheric phenomenon of a thunderstorm indicate their names: Bronte (βροντή thunder), Strop (στεροπή — lightning) and Arges (άργής — flash). The hostile attitude to the father, they were cast down to the abyss of the earth (Hesiod, Theogony, 139-146). At the heart of this myth lies the idea of the disappearance in the land of lightning, cutting through clouds and air. Through their mediation Cronus defeated Uranus, and then they helped Zeus defeat Cronus; Zeus was using made the lightning and thunder arrows. In addition, the Cyclops, being skilful Smiths, forged the Poseidon — a Trident and a manger for his horses Hades helmet of invisibility, Artemis silver bow and arrow (Apollodorus, I, 2, 1). When Zeus struck lightning Apollo’s son, Asclepius, Apollo, angry at the Cyclops because they were in fact accomplices of Zeus, slew them (Apollodorus, III, 10, 3-4).
Cyclops, reported by Homer in his epic Saga “the Odyssey” (VI and IX song) are other characteristics and properties: personalinvitedialog of them as the personification of cosmic phenomena, was replaced by the now ethical. Cyclops the Odyssey of divine origin and are in communication with the gods, which they are not afraid. Giants with one eye in the forehead, they had extraordinary power, but at the same time, Dickie, rough, cruel; they have no laws, justice, relationships, cultural life. They don’t live by society, and separately in caves on the tops of the mountains, while cattle and are unfamiliar with agriculture. Cyclops Polyphemus, whom Homer’s epic “Odyssey” gives individual traits, the son of Poseidon and Foose, has a horrible voice and giant stature; his strength is such that he can easily lift and hurl huge boulders and fragments of rock. Cruelty is boundless: he’s a cannibal, faithless and fearless.
The famous story of Odysseus blinding the Cyclops Polyphemus (Homer, Odyssey, IX 105-542). The connection of Cyclops with Poseidon (origin) and anchoring them to the sea by the giant Orion, whom Polyphemus — Odysseus, blinds Oinopion and Briareum-Aegeon, indicates natural features Cyclops as sea deities. On Istme sacrificed to the Cyclops, along with Poseidon, Palemon and other sea gods. The name of the Cyclops Giresta may be contiguous with the euboean city of Geresom, in which there was a cult of Poseidon. Since the driving force of volcanic nature and origin neptunecanada are creative forces, and Poseidon because, being semicolonialism, at the same time is a land surveyor, and from the sea of boulders is building walls, dams and other structures, to the extent the same are considered to be the mythical Cyclops, the builders.
The Cyclops is attributed to the building named on their behalf cyclopean (ciclopista) walls, which tells us arhivski myth: according to the latter, seven Revoluci Cyclops (heterochiral) came from Lycia to king tiredsome Preto and built of huge stones of the keep of the city. In later legends Cyclops figure as a deity of fire, but not atmospheric, and groundwater, as blacksmiths, working in the workshop of Hephaestus. As henchmen of the God-blacksmith Hephaestus, in the bowels of Etna, the Cyclops forged the chariot of Mars, the aegis of Pallas and the armor of Aeneas (Virgil, Aeneid, VIII 416-453). The whereabouts of their devoted it to the volcano — mount Etna in Sicily, to the island of Lemnos and to the Aeolian Islands, that has preserved traces of volcanic activity. In Hellenistic poetry Polyphemus, as a type of primitive uncivilized creatures, acts in the role of sentimental lover, languishing in a charming and playful the Nereid Galatea (Theocrat, Idyll, XI). This myth has received poetic treatment in the works of dithyrambic of Filoxenia, Callimachus and Ovid, and belonged to the subjects, who often use antique painters.