The first group: – the Cathedral Notre-Dame of Chartres has preserved the heavy Romanesque wall dominated in her division of the horizontal semicircular Romanesque silhouette of arcades and window openings. The towers of the Cathedral have no similarity with fragile lace Gothic towers. The window consists of several round openings with stained glass Windows, a little like a window-rose. Conclusion: this temple was built in the first phase of development of Gothic.
The Notre Dame Cathedral. The Western facade. Paris. 12 – 14th century.
The second group: – the Cathedral in Amiens can be attributed to the second, high phase of development of Gothic architecture. Evidenced by luxurious “radiant” window-roses, deep perspective on the portals, by Lancet arches, which are repeated both in the portals and in the Windows of the second tier and towers; up to more elongated forms of the temple (the tallest Gothic cathedrals), as well as the abundance of sculptures on the facade of the building.
The Cathedral in Amiens.1218-1288 G.
Third group: – a Bright example of late Gothic style is the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Rouen, which is characterized by excessive decorations, the abundance of sculptural decoration, swirling figural finials like tongues of flame, the complexity of the rose-window. The entire Cathedral is covered with an incredible amount of Lancet arches, making its walls look like stone openwork lace.
L. Premazzi “Milan Cathedral” 14-15 century.
4. The climax. 15 min.
– So, on the uniqueness of the shape of each Church was influenced by the time and the development of people’s lives, but, maybe there is something else? What is the meaning of “Internationality” Gothic? Does it have to do with our problem?
Please look at the following images of the temples which belong roughly to the same stage of development, and Express your views (slide show №4, 5, 6, 7).
(After the statements of the students to draw their attention to the Board with the names of the countries and the main features of a Gothic temple)
– When you return to assume, which country could appear each temple (repeat slide show).
– What do you think, which country more than others has not accepted the idea of French Gothic? (after the answer to give the name of the temple, slide No. 7)
– What features of the Gothic style left?
– On the basis of what art culture temples were erected in Medieval Italy?
– What are the signs can be the judge of that? (selection the horizontal, the triangular pediment inlaid style in the external façade, metopes of the Doric order, volute, coupling the upper and lower volumes).
– The temple which country is the closest French Gothic traditions? (after the answer to give the name of the temple, slide №5)
– What’s new brought German builders in the temple? (replacement of the rose-window of the huge Lancet window and small pointed arches on piers repeated in the portals and Windows, a strong exaggeration of the feelings in the faces and postures of saints on the portals).
– Try to find the peculiarity of the chapel of our lady of Westminster Abbey Cathedral in London (slide No. 6) (perpendicular style, the simplicity of the façade, latticed Windows, the facade is without sculpture).
5. Interchange. 5 min.
In our experiments it turned out that the uniqueness and originality of Gothic churches despite the fact that each is the image of the world where all created by the God, is not only the time frame, but in the land on which the temple was built, the national traditions of the different peoples of Europe.
– And in conclusion, let us once again feel the “Gothic soul” of the medieval Church.
(Show all the slides to the music of Bach “High mass”)
The course of world art and culture aims to develop students ‘ ability to emotionally respond to the cultural and aesthetic values of peoples of different countries, formation of abilities to understand and appreciate the works of artists of different eras. It should help the learner to navigate in a cumulative artistic values, in the world of modern culture and to develop their own evaluations and aesthetic judgments.
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5. The program “Art and culture of the ancient world, the middle ages and the Renaissance” 6 – 8 classes, A. Y. Solodovnikov, “Art culture of the new and newest time” 9 -11 classes. L. M. Baptist.
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7. World art and culture: Program and methodical materials: 6 – 9кл./ I. V. Kosmina. – M. Humane. Ed. Center VLADOS, 2001.
8. World art and culture. Course details:5-11кл. elective course, 10 – 11кл./ V. G. Marantsman.
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