Cappadocia (Turkey) – ancient underground cities of the II century
Centuries-old cones crowned with huge stones, as if specially put on top. The locals have given many of them romantic names. For example, a valley of stone mushrooms are referred to as the Valley of love.
Some of the stones at different times of day can change their color from sand or soft pink to bright red or brown. It all depends on the position of the sun.
Cappadocia is a unique natural phenomenon. Lifeless and deserted the area was once densely populated. The history of this land – the mysterious world shrouded in a veil of legends. Here you can find ancient cave sites where early Christians hid from Arab raids. These multi-level maze of perfectly preserved still.
Kaymakli underground city –the journey begins in the underworld. But she, as it turned out, perfectly lit and it’s not cold and damp, as it happens in the caves. The reason for that is a complex system of ventilation, is as old as the city itself. Very narrow passages, from which we can conclude that ancient people were not tall.
From save the secrets of cities, mazes depended the lives of people. In the days when danger came, the inhabitants of ancient Cappadocia went under the earth. In the transitions stored food reserves, which could last for a long time.
Gorodami all the secret exits. Door in the city-fortress was a huge round stone. To smoke out the fugitives from such shelter was also impossible: the smoke did not spread beyond the first tier. Ventilation and winding corridors made the city impregnable.
All of the underground city, and in Cappadocia, 200 pieces, are interconnected. Each of them is unique. The skyscrapers, only inside the earth. For example, this city goes down to a depth of 77 meters. In the city of Kaymakli underground 9 levels. But there are even deeper in the city. Tunnels, halls and galleries spread in Talsi rocks for miles.
Scientists still can not determine the date of when these underground cities were built. Presumably, in the II century BC. At the top of Cappadocia also beautiful scenery. But she is famous not only for its landscapes and underground cave cities, but also masters. For example, there is the area of potters.
Ilhan Bektas, the Potter:
I Potter in the third generation. Thing I handed down to my father. We are bringing earth from the river, along with water. After 2 days, after it settles, it turns out clay. Red.
First, the finished product put on a couple of days to dry in the sun. Then varnish and wait for another 5-7 days. Only then fired in a kiln. Pottery in Turkey are usually men. There is a sign that you need to very carefully remove the product from the machine to the bottom of the formed hole. Otherwise the master will not give the wife the girl he chose. Painted plates, pitchers and teapots women.
Despite the fact that the state religion is Islam, the Muslims live together with Christians and Jews. That’s why coming to Turkey, we feel at home. However, some ancient customs in Turkey was still preserved.
For example, passing by towns and villages, you can see empty bottles on the roofs of houses. This is an old Turkish custom: if a girl is going to marry, then she puts the bottle on the top of the pipe. Her partner needs to shoot the empties from the gun. Only then it can be considered a worthy bride.
The girl also need to try to become a real bride. Before the wedding she needs to weave carpet.