Georgia, Tbilisi, fortress of the XVII century
A contemporary of Tbilisi, Narikala fortress, the townspeople affectionately call the “soul of the city”. It is located on mount Mtatsminda and is essentially fragments of fortifications of different epochs.
Myths and facts
According to the Chronicles, a powerful fortress founded in the IV century. Then it was called Surich-tsikhe (“Fortress of envy”). During the Mongol invasion of the XIII century in the citadel “managed” by the Mongols, who named her in his own way – the Naryn-Kala (“Small fortress”).
In VIII-XII centuries the consolidation grew and expanded together with the city: thanks to its fortified walls stretching up to the river Kur, the hosts controlled the water trade route. The builders cared about the good water: there were various aqueducts and channels, as well as the secret exits to the river. It is believed that the water Narikala – the oldest in Georgia.
At all times, an impregnable fortress properly perform its defensive function. Continue reading
Centuries-old cones crowned with huge stones, as if specially put on top. The locals have given many of them romantic names. For example, a valley of stone mushrooms are referred to as the Valley of love.
Some of the stones at different times of day can change their color from sand or soft pink to bright red or brown. It all depends on the position of the sun.
Cappadocia is a unique natural phenomenon. Lifeless and deserted the area was once densely populated. The history of this land – the mysterious world shrouded in a veil of legends. Here you can find ancient cave sites where early Christians hid from Arab raids. These multi-level maze of perfectly preserved still. Continue reading
Thus, the most famous monument of ancient Greek architecture is the Parthenon temple, which has become a recognized international symbol of Greece. This ancient temple complex was erected in Athens in 437 BC in honor of Athena Parthenos the patron of this city. Construction works were supervised by famous Greek architects and Iktin Callicrate.
They built the Parthenon made of marble blocks, in the Doric style, as painters use. Its frieze is decorated with bas-relief ribbon, and pediments – a magnificent sculptural composition. In its Central room, surrounded by a majestic colonnade, formerly stood a statue of the goddess Athena made of ivory and pure gold, the famous painter and architect of Ancient Greece by Phidias. Unfortunately, the statue has not survived. Continue reading