The ABC of styles: Victorian, Gothic, Greek, village
Today we turn to the styles, the characteristics of which meet us at every step. Enough to go to the city center to see the Gothic spires and stained glass…

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Method of recovery of underground structures
The invention is directed to solving the problem of reconstruction of underground facilities located in unstable water-saturated soils (quicksand). Underground structures (subway tunnels, sewers, etc.), built in unstable soils, often…

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Cathedrals and castles: building in Moscow Gothic
It seems that Moscow is very far from the European middle ages a mysterious, isn't it? But actually, the Gothic period in the development of medieval art of the XII-XVI…

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Gothic ornament in architecture

Gothic ornament was diverse and symbolic. Continue to use the converted ancient and Byzantine motifs, but along with them are biased towards new themes.

Straightforward geometric shapes moving in a curvilinear weave. In addition to geometric ornamental constructions and reproduce the shape of Lancet arches, spherical triangles and quadrilaterals widely used plant forms of the local flora that is characteristic ornamentation of the era – grape leaves, thistles, oak, ivy, clover, roses, etc. Widespread motif of the trefoil and dvuletnee. Later forms of thorns – bramble, Thistle, fern, etc.

The art of Gothic architecture was developed in synthesis with sculpture. The sculptural decoration of stylized motifs of acanthus and palmettes replaced all other vegetable forms. From the buds of the shoots early Gothic decorated floral motifs turned into a blossoming raspustitsya foliage ornament in the XIII century and is lush with flowers and fruit in the XIV century. Continue reading

Narikala Fortress

Georgia, Tbilisi, fortress of the XVII century
A contemporary of Tbilisi, Narikala fortress, the townspeople affectionately call the “soul of the city”. It is located on mount Mtatsminda and is essentially fragments of fortifications of different epochs.
Myths and facts
According to the Chronicles, a powerful fortress founded in the IV century. Then it was called Surich-tsikhe (“Fortress of envy”). During the Mongol invasion of the XIII century in the citadel “managed” by the Mongols, who named her in his own way – the Naryn-Kala (“Small fortress”).
In VIII-XII centuries the consolidation grew and expanded together with the city: thanks to its fortified walls stretching up to the river Kur, the hosts controlled the water trade route. The builders cared about the good water: there were various aqueducts and channels, as well as the secret exits to the river. It is believed that the water Narikala – the oldest in Georgia.
At all times, an impregnable fortress properly perform its defensive function. Continue reading

Cappadocia (Turkey) – ancient underground cities of the II century

Centuries-old cones crowned with huge stones, as if specially put on top. The locals have given many of them romantic names. For example, a valley of stone mushrooms are referred to as the Valley of love.

Some of the stones at different times of day can change their color from sand or soft pink to bright red or brown. It all depends on the position of the sun.

Cappadocia is a unique natural phenomenon. Lifeless and deserted the area was once densely populated. The history of this land – the mysterious world shrouded in a veil of legends. Here you can find ancient cave sites where early Christians hid from Arab raids. These multi-level maze of perfectly preserved still. Continue reading

Characteristic of the architecture of Ancient Egypt.
Ancient Egypt, marked the beginning of architecture, was a country without scaffolding. The tree was also small, as in other oases of the African deserts, the vegetation — palm trees,…

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TOP 5 Most ancient cities in the world
After the collapse of the tribal relations, the population of the earth began to settle on completely different principle – territorial. Thus, the first towns began to be laid and…

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