Gothic ornament was diverse and symbolic. Continue to use the converted ancient and Byzantine motifs, but along with them are biased towards new themes.
Straightforward geometric shapes moving in a curvilinear weave. In addition to geometric ornamental constructions and reproduce the shape of Lancet arches, spherical triangles and quadrilaterals widely used plant forms of the local flora that is characteristic ornamentation of the era – grape leaves, thistles, oak, ivy, clover, roses, etc. Widespread motif of the trefoil and dvuletnee. Later forms of thorns – bramble, Thistle, fern, etc.
The art of Gothic architecture was developed in synthesis with sculpture. The sculptural decoration of stylized motifs of acanthus and palmettes replaced all other vegetable forms. From the buds of the shoots early Gothic decorated floral motifs turned into a blossoming raspustitsya foliage ornament in the XIII century and is lush with flowers and fruit in the XIV century. Continue reading
Thus, the most famous monument of ancient Greek architecture is the Parthenon temple, which has become a recognized international symbol of Greece. This ancient temple complex was erected in Athens in 437 BC in honor of Athena Parthenos the patron of this city. Construction works were supervised by famous Greek architects and Iktin Callicrate.
They built the Parthenon made of marble blocks, in the Doric style, as painters use. Its frieze is decorated with bas-relief ribbon, and pediments – a magnificent sculptural composition. In its Central room, surrounded by a majestic colonnade, formerly stood a statue of the goddess Athena made of ivory and pure gold, the famous painter and architect of Ancient Greece by Phidias. Unfortunately, the statue has not survived. Continue reading
Peterhof, Alexandria Park, the Church of Alexander Nevsky
Gothic chapel-This Church was built in 1830-34, by the famous German architect-F. Schinkel. The Church has the form of a medieval chapel. On the corners are cast-iron pyramidal tower, crowned with spires with crosses. On three sides there are two granite porches and external walls sculptures of saints, made by model V. Demut-Malinovsky. In the Lancet Windows of the Church inserted the colored glass, making it, as in all Gothic churches, semidarkness reigns. Interior painting of the Church was made by the artist A. Nave.
The Church of St. Alexander Nevsky. Interior painting of the Church
Chesme Church (1777-80) — a peculiar example of the era of Catherine the conditional imitation of Gothic. Continue reading