The mystery of lake Titicaca
Lake Titicaca is one of the most beautiful lakes in the world and one of the most mysterious. What lurks in the depths of the lake? How did the salt…

Continue reading →

Cappadocia (Turkey) – ancient underground cities of the II century
Centuries-old cones crowned with huge stones, as if specially put on top. The locals have given many of them romantic names. For example, a valley of stone mushrooms are referred…

Continue reading →

Wawel Royal castle
A symbol and a major historical landmark in Poland is Wawel castle, named one of the seven wonders of Poland. Located on the banks of the Vistula river, it centuries…

Continue reading →

place

Gothic ornament in architecture

Gothic ornament was diverse and symbolic. Continue to use the converted ancient and Byzantine motifs, but along with them are biased towards new themes.

Straightforward geometric shapes moving in a curvilinear weave. In addition to geometric ornamental constructions and reproduce the shape of Lancet arches, spherical triangles and quadrilaterals widely used plant forms of the local flora that is characteristic ornamentation of the era – grape leaves, thistles, oak, ivy, clover, roses, etc. Widespread motif of the trefoil and dvuletnee. Later forms of thorns – bramble, Thistle, fern, etc.

The art of Gothic architecture was developed in synthesis with sculpture. The sculptural decoration of stylized motifs of acanthus and palmettes replaced all other vegetable forms. From the buds of the shoots early Gothic decorated floral motifs turned into a blossoming raspustitsya foliage ornament in the XIII century and is lush with flowers and fruit in the XIV century. Continue reading

The Temples Of Ancient Greece

Parthenon Temple

Thus, the most famous monument of ancient Greek architecture is the Parthenon temple, which has become a recognized international symbol of Greece. This ancient temple complex was erected in Athens in 437 BC in honor of Athena Parthenos the patron of this city. Construction works were supervised by famous Greek architects and Iktin Callicrate.

They built the Parthenon made of marble blocks, in the Doric style, as painters use. Its frieze is decorated with bas-relief ribbon, and pediments – a magnificent sculptural composition. In its Central room, surrounded by a majestic colonnade, formerly stood a statue of the goddess Athena made of ivory and pure gold, the famous painter and architect of Ancient Greece by Phidias. Unfortunately, the statue has not survived. Continue reading

The Orthodox Church in the Gothic style

Peterhof, Alexandria Park, the Church of Alexander Nevsky

Gothic chapel-This Church was built in 1830-34, by the famous German architect-F. Schinkel. The Church has the form of a medieval chapel. On the corners are cast-iron pyramidal tower, crowned with spires with crosses. On three sides there are two granite porches and external walls sculptures of saints, made by model V. Demut-Malinovsky. In the Lancet Windows of the Church inserted the colored glass, making it, as in all Gothic churches, semidarkness reigns. Interior painting of the Church was made by the artist A. Nave.

The Church of St. Alexander Nevsky. Interior painting of the Church

Chesme Church (1777-80) — a peculiar example of the era of Catherine the conditional imitation of Gothic. Continue reading

Ancient Rome in Rome. Underground the Eternal city
Rome. How amazing and unexplored conceals the Eternal city! Rome is a secret, a mystery, trying to guess which has been more than a Millennium. Today we are facing a…

...

The oldest city in Europe: the top 5
The old cities of Europe are located mostly in Greece and Crete. According to scientists excavations, Greece can be considered the cultural cradle of mankind. What are the oldest cities…

...