Lubeck. St. Mary's Church
Church advisers The Church of St. Mary in lübeck is considered a masterpiece of Gothic buildings from burnt bricks. For several centuries its tower was the highest towers in the…

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Cathedrals and castles: building in Moscow Gothic
It seems that Moscow is very far from the European middle ages a mysterious, isn't it? But actually, the Gothic period in the development of medieval art of the XII-XVI…

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International Gothic
The first group: - the Cathedral Notre-Dame of Chartres has preserved the heavy Romanesque wall dominated in her division of the horizontal semicircular Romanesque silhouette of arcades and window openings.…

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stone

Gothic ornament in architecture

Gothic ornament was diverse and symbolic. Continue to use the converted ancient and Byzantine motifs, but along with them are biased towards new themes.

Straightforward geometric shapes moving in a curvilinear weave. In addition to geometric ornamental constructions and reproduce the shape of Lancet arches, spherical triangles and quadrilaterals widely used plant forms of the local flora that is characteristic ornamentation of the era – grape leaves, thistles, oak, ivy, clover, roses, etc. Widespread motif of the trefoil and dvuletnee. Later forms of thorns – bramble, Thistle, fern, etc.

The art of Gothic architecture was developed in synthesis with sculpture. The sculptural decoration of stylized motifs of acanthus and palmettes replaced all other vegetable forms. From the buds of the shoots early Gothic decorated floral motifs turned into a blossoming raspustitsya foliage ornament in the XIII century and is lush with flowers and fruit in the XIV century. Continue reading

Cappadocia (Turkey) – ancient underground cities of the II century

Centuries-old cones crowned with huge stones, as if specially put on top. The locals have given many of them romantic names. For example, a valley of stone mushrooms are referred to as the Valley of love.

Some of the stones at different times of day can change their color from sand or soft pink to bright red or brown. It all depends on the position of the sun.

Cappadocia is a unique natural phenomenon. Lifeless and deserted the area was once densely populated. The history of this land – the mysterious world shrouded in a veil of legends. Here you can find ancient cave sites where early Christians hid from Arab raids. These multi-level maze of perfectly preserved still. Continue reading

The Temples Of Ancient Greece

Parthenon Temple

Thus, the most famous monument of ancient Greek architecture is the Parthenon temple, which has become a recognized international symbol of Greece. This ancient temple complex was erected in Athens in 437 BC in honor of Athena Parthenos the patron of this city. Construction works were supervised by famous Greek architects and Iktin Callicrate.

They built the Parthenon made of marble blocks, in the Doric style, as painters use. Its frieze is decorated with bas-relief ribbon, and pediments – a magnificent sculptural composition. In its Central room, surrounded by a majestic colonnade, formerly stood a statue of the goddess Athena made of ivory and pure gold, the famous painter and architect of Ancient Greece by Phidias. Unfortunately, the statue has not survived. Continue reading

10 Gothic cathedrals of medieval Europe.
Gothic cathedrals this is not the iconic structures of the ancient Goths, and the temples, built in the Gothic style of architecture. This architectural style emerged in France in the…

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The City Of Nikolaev
Old city cemetery since 1790, is located on the outskirts of the city on the banks of the Ingul river and consists of several parts. The largest part of Orthodox…

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