The ABC of styles: Victorian, Gothic, Greek, village
Today we turn to the styles, the characteristics of which meet us at every step. Enough to go to the city center to see the Gothic spires and stained glass…

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About the mysterious circles on the fields
For many centuries the human mind concerned with the mystery of the appearance of unusual drawings in the margins in different parts of the world. What do they mean? Who…

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Megalithic structures
Ancient stone structures, or megaliths (from the Greek. megas - large and lithos - stone) – the prehistoric monuments, presumably of a religious character, which are built of huge unwrought…

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stone

Gothic ornament in architecture

Gothic ornament was diverse and symbolic. Continue to use the converted ancient and Byzantine motifs, but along with them are biased towards new themes.

Straightforward geometric shapes moving in a curvilinear weave. In addition to geometric ornamental constructions and reproduce the shape of Lancet arches, spherical triangles and quadrilaterals widely used plant forms of the local flora that is characteristic ornamentation of the era – grape leaves, thistles, oak, ivy, clover, roses, etc. Widespread motif of the trefoil and dvuletnee. Later forms of thorns – bramble, Thistle, fern, etc.

The art of Gothic architecture was developed in synthesis with sculpture. The sculptural decoration of stylized motifs of acanthus and palmettes replaced all other vegetable forms. From the buds of the shoots early Gothic decorated floral motifs turned into a blossoming raspustitsya foliage ornament in the XIII century and is lush with flowers and fruit in the XIV century. Continue reading

Cappadocia (Turkey) – ancient underground cities of the II century

Centuries-old cones crowned with huge stones, as if specially put on top. The locals have given many of them romantic names. For example, a valley of stone mushrooms are referred to as the Valley of love.

Some of the stones at different times of day can change their color from sand or soft pink to bright red or brown. It all depends on the position of the sun.

Cappadocia is a unique natural phenomenon. Lifeless and deserted the area was once densely populated. The history of this land – the mysterious world shrouded in a veil of legends. Here you can find ancient cave sites where early Christians hid from Arab raids. These multi-level maze of perfectly preserved still. Continue reading

The Temples Of Ancient Greece

Parthenon Temple

Thus, the most famous monument of ancient Greek architecture is the Parthenon temple, which has become a recognized international symbol of Greece. This ancient temple complex was erected in Athens in 437 BC in honor of Athena Parthenos the patron of this city. Construction works were supervised by famous Greek architects and Iktin Callicrate.

They built the Parthenon made of marble blocks, in the Doric style, as painters use. Its frieze is decorated with bas-relief ribbon, and pediments – a magnificent sculptural composition. In its Central room, surrounded by a majestic colonnade, formerly stood a statue of the goddess Athena made of ivory and pure gold, the famous painter and architect of Ancient Greece by Phidias. Unfortunately, the statue has not survived. Continue reading

Gothic ornament in architecture
Gothic ornament was diverse and symbolic. Continue to use the converted ancient and Byzantine motifs, but along with them are biased towards new themes. Straightforward geometric shapes moving in a…

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Characteristic of the architecture of Ancient Egypt.
Ancient Egypt, marked the beginning of architecture, was a country without scaffolding. The tree was also small, as in other oases of the African deserts, the vegetation — palm trees,…

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