If we lived that way in the nineteenth century, to see the tallest building in the world, we would have to go to Germany, namely in Cologne, where is one of the most magnificent and famous Gothic cathedrals in the world – Cologne Cathedral. Cologne Cathedral, among other things, one of the most famous long-term construction of the world – its construction lasted almost seven centuries. Its history begins in 1248, it was then the Archbishop of the city of Conrad von Hochstaden laid the first stone in the Foundation of the Cathedral. I must say that at that time, Cologne was one of the most powerful, both financially and politically, cities, and the construction of the Cathedral was to confirm the status of the city as in the country and across Europe.
The project was ambitious, the scale of the Cathedral were to outshine all existed before the temples. In addition, there is another, equally important reason: the new Cathedral was to be a place to store the relics of the Holy Magi, for which gold and silver molded into a special vessel, called the Shrine of the three kings – the presence of the relics gave the Cologne a very significant weight in the Christian world. During the construction of the Cathedral architectural models of the Cathedral at Amiens, however, many details of both internal and external decorations are purely German Gothic character. As moviesanya of this kind, built in the middle Ages, the Cologne Cathedral was built extremely slowly: after seventy years after the start of construction had been completed only the choir of the Cathedral, and in the XVI century, in the beginning of the reformation, Cathedral building altogether stopped. Lack of funds, wars, epidemics – all these causes affected the speed of construction. However, it is necessary to consider another important factor: the shift in the medieval consciousness, the monument to whom was erected a temple. Shook the very foundations of medieval ethics and aesthetics, which led to the formulation of the logical question: do we need the Cologne Cathedral?
Replaced the dark Ages came a cheerful, optimistic Renaissance, and the dark bulk of the Cathedral was no longer fascinated, but frightened and terrified and numb. Until the beginning of the XIX century, the Cathedral stood unfinished, and in some places much ruined.
The situation changed drastically with the advent of German romanticism, podkletnova interest in the Gothic and to the past. The ruler of doom Goethe spoke out in defense of this style, published a book “On German architecture”. Work resumed only in 1842 under the direction of architects Zwirner and Schinkel.
The construction was overseen by Emperor Friedrich Wilhelm IV. Construction was completed in 1880, demonstrating to the world one of the most beautiful and impressive Gothic cathedrals: Cathedral length is almost 145 meters, width 86, height 157 meters. However, after the completion of a significant portion of time was conducted and decorative finishing works: laying floors, stained glass Windows were installed, and soon joined them and repair: in 1906 one of the towers had collapsed; I had to restore the Cathedral and after 1945. Today large sums are spent on the maintenance of the temple – state of the environment that affect the strength of the stone, leaves much to be desired. Today the Cologne Cathedral is not only a place of service, it is also the largest German Museum, which contains magnificent works of art. Furthermore, Cologne Cathedral is famed for its bells: the biggest, “Peter”, weighs 24 tons, and odinnadtsatoye “Refined” so named for their ability to emit pure tones. Cologne Cathedral is the source of controversial and interesting legends.
One of them, the Apocalypse will come when the construction will end – that’s why the Church kept in repair and rebuild. Furthermore, Cologne Cathedral is the dream of a stamp collector: in 1948 was printed, but never put in circulation a postage stamp denomination 5 Pfennig depicting post-war Germany, one of the stamps in this series depict Cologne Cathedral and was printed with yellow paint, making among philatelists and naturally got the name “yellow Cologne Cathedral”. Today marks the series represent philatelic rarity.